Islam Question and Answer – Ruling on seeking barakah (blessing) from the relics of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)

Ruling on seeking barakah (blessing) from the relics of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
What is the ruling on seeking barakah from the relics of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), such as touching the walls and doors in the Prophet’s Mosque etc.?

 

Praise be to Allaah.  

Seeking barakah from
the relics of the Prophet (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was done at the time of the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him), from things like the water he used for wudoo’,
his garment, his food and drink, his hair and everything from him. The
‘Abbaasi (Abassid) khaleefahs and the ‘Uthmaanis (Ottomans) after them
preserved the cloak of the Prophet, seeking barakah
from it, especially at times of war.  

Seeking blessing from things that touched his body,
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), such as his wudoo’, sweat,
hair and so on, was something which was known to and was permissible
according to the Sahaabah
(may Allaah be pleased with them), and those who followed them in truth,
because of the goodness and barakah
that are to be found in that. The Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) approved of this.  

But touching the doors, walls, windows, etc, of al-Masjid al-Haraam
or al-Masjid al-Nabawi is bid’ah (reprehensible innovation) for which
there is no basis. This must not be done, because acts of worship are
tawqeefi (not subject
to personal opinion) and it is not permissible to do any acts of worship
except those which are approved by sharee’ah. The Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever innovates
something is this matter of ours [Islam] which is not part of it, will
have it rejected” (saheeh, agreed upon). According to a report narrated
by Muslim, which al-Bukhaari also narrated mu’allaq
majzoom, “Whoever does an action that is not in accordance
with this matter of ours [Islam], will have it rejected.” 

In Saheeh Muslim it
is narrated that Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The
Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) used to say in his khutbah on Fridays: ‘The best
of speech is the Book of Allaah and the best of guidance is the guidance
of Muhammad (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him). The Most evil of matters are those which are
newly-invented, and every innovation is a going-astray.’” And there
are many similar ahaadeeth. So the Muslim is obliged to follow that
which Allaah has prescribed, such as acknowledging the Black Stone and
kissing it, and acknowledging al-Rukn
al-Yamaani.  

Hence there is a saheeh report which says that ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab
(may Allaah be pleased with him) said, when he kissed the Black Stone,
“I know that you are a stone and you cannot bring benefit or cause harm.
If I had not seen the Prophet (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) kissing you, I would not have kissed
you.”  

From this we know that acknowledging the other corners
of the Ka’bah, and the walls or pillars, is not prescribed, because
the Prophet (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) did not do that, and he did not teach others
to do it, because that is one of the means of shirk.
The same applies even more so to the walls, pillars and windows of the
Prophet’s grave, because the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not prescribe that or
teach people to do it, and his companions (may Allaah be pleased with
them) did not do it either.

 

Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwi’ah li Samaahat al-Shaykh al-‘Allaamah ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him), vol. 9, p. 106

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